Sex Crimes

Sex Crimes

Michigan law defines the crimes of rape, sexual assault, and sexual battery as criminal sexual conduct (CSC). The sentences of these sex crimes can sometimes be more serious than homicide charges and will likely require the offender to register as a sex offender. Let Martin Foldie Law defend your interests to provide you with the best possible outcome. 

Degrees of Sexual Misconduct

Much like in homicide charges, criminal sexual conduct charges also vary by degree and are defined by the actions that occur.  
 First 
First degree charges occur when there is penetration in any of the following instances: 
  • The victim is a child under the age of 13. 
  • The victim is between the ages of 13-15 and is either related to the defendant by blood, living in the defendant’s home, or the defendant is an authority figure. 
  • Many individuals are involved in penetrating a victim who is physically helpless and/or mentally incapacitated by use of force or coercion.   
  • The victim is forced or coerced by the defendant and personal injury occurs. 
  • The victim is injured and mentally incapacitated. 
  • The defendant is in the process of committing an additional felony. 
Convictions for a first degree CSC charge are the most severe with a possible sentence of life in prison and mandatory registration as a sexual offender for life. 
Second 
A second degree CSC charge occurs when there is sexual contact without penetration in any of the victim’s private areas. The instances listed in a first degree charge also apply to a second degree charge.
Convictions for a second degree CSC charge include up to 15 years in prison with mandatory registration as a sexual offender.
Third 
Third degree CSC charges occur when there is sexual penetration in the following instances:
  • The victim is between 13-15 years old.
  • The act occurs with force and/or coercion.
  • The victim is incapacitated.
Convictions for a third degree CSC charge include up to 15 years of prison time and mandatory registration as a sexual offender.

 

Fourth 
Fourth degree CSC charges are classified as a misdemeanor and occur with sexual contact in any of the following instances:
  • The act occurs with force and/or coercion.
  • The victim is incapacitated.
  • The victim is an inmate and the defendant works for the Department of Corrections.
Convictions for a fourth degree CSC charge carry up to two years in prison and a fine of $500.

 

Additional Sex Charges 

There are sexual charges that don’t fall under the CSC degree system but still classify as sex crimes.

Assault with Intent to Commit CSC Involving Penetration 

  • Convictions for this charge include up to 10 years of jail time and a possible lifetime registration as a sex offender.  

Assault with Intent to Commit CSC of the Second Degree 

  • Convictions for this charge include up to five years of jail time and a possible lifetime registration as a sex offender.  

Accosting a Minor for Indecent Purposes  

  • Convictions for sexual conduct of a child under 16 include up to four years in jail, a possible fine of $4,000, and 25 years of mandatory registration as a sex offender. 

Gross Indecency  

  • Any conviction whether the defendants be male or female include a jail sentence of up to five years, a fine of $2,500, and a possible lifetime registration as a sexual offender. 

Child Sexual Abuse 

  • Convictions for this charge include up to 25 years in jail, a fine of up to $1000,000 depending on severity, and a possible registration as a sexual offender for 15 years.  

Indecent Exposure 

  • Convictions for this charge can include one year of jail and a fine of $1,000 with a possible registration as a sexual offender for 15 years. 

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